Pediatric urological surgery is often required for managing innate and uninventive disorders of the genitourinary system. In this Series paper, we highlight advances in the surgical management of six pediatric urological disorders. The management of vesicoureteral reflux is evolving, with sponsorship ranging from a less interventional towage and antimicrobial prophylaxis to surgery including endoscopic injection of a bulking wage-earner and minimally invasive ureteric reimplantation. Vestige supports early orchidopexy to modernize fertility and reduce malignancy in boys with undescended testes.PAEDIATRIC UROLOGY IN MADURAI surgical techniques has been ripened for hypospadias, with spanking-new outcomes for distal but not proximal hypospadias.


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